18.104.22.168 Whether the local population is participating in any assessments and product requests. 22.214.171.124 Whether outside aid is being accepted and has been requested. 126.96.36.199 Whether other organizations are responding and when possible determine if multiple requests have been made for the same product by more than one organization. 188.8.131.52 Whether there is an expedited plan in place for vetting new partners. 184.108.40.206 The organization should evaluate unusually large requests to avoid sending excess product that might create a disposal issue for the recipient. 220.127.116.11 Verify customs clearance procedures to determine if they have bee waived, modified or forbid emergency medical donations.
|Resources – 6.1 Appropriate Donation Practices in Emergency Situations|
|Drug Donations in Post Disaster Situation (PDF)
Resource: Case Study
This resource is a case study on a post disaster situation in East Timor, El Salvador and India. It contains a situation analysis that applies guidelines from the Interagency Guidelines for Drug Donations. It was published in 2002.
Source: Health, Nutrition and Population, The World Bank. Available at: http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/en/m/abstract/Js17063e/. Accessed on 9/3/13.
|Drug Donations in Emergency Situations, The Sri Lankan Post-Tsunami Experience
Resource Type: Case Study
This resource, published by Tufts University – Journal of Humanitarian Assistance, in 2007 is a case study of the post-tsunami experience in Sri Lanka. Sections includes, Direct Costs of Unsolicited Donations, Types of Improper Donations, Indirect Costs of Unsolicited Donations, among others.
Source: Tufts University – The Journal of Humanitarian Assistance. Available at: http://sites.tufts.edu/jha/archives/54. Accessed on 9/3/13.
|Handbook for RCs and HCs on Emergency Preparedness and Response
Resource Type: Handbook
This resource contains information on adequate response capacity, humanitarian coordination, needs assessment and, multi-agency response.
Source: Inter-Agency Standing Committee, Handbook for RCs and HCs on Emergency Preparedness and Response. Available at: www.humanitarianinfo.org/iasc/downloaddoc.aspx?docID=5568&type=any. Accessed at: 9/17/13.
|Checklist for Effective Disaster Response: Insights for Wise Humanitarian Action
Resource Type: Checklist
This checklist was created to help aid organizations determine what an appropriate response is during a disaster situation.
Source: Grantmakers in the Arts: Supporting a Creative America. Checklist for Effective Disaster Response: Insights for Wise Humanitarian Action. Available at: http://www.giarts.org/sites/default/files/checklist-for-effective-disaster-response.pdf. Accessed on: 9/20/13.
18.104.22.168 MSROs should document requests for short dated product including who is requesting the product, why it is requested, how it will be transported and used prior to the expiration date.
|Resources – 6.2 Quality Standards in Disaster Donations|
|PQMD Principles and Standards
Resource Type: Reference
This resource includes a set of medical product donation guidelines that are helpful in identifying quality measures in emergency situations. The PQMD Principles and Standards serve to inform and guide medical donation practices while allowing for the flexibility needed to operate in diverse operating environments around the world. See Standard 5.6.
Source: Partnership for Quality Medical Donations – PQMD Principles and Standards for Medical Product Donations. Available at: http://www.pqmd.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&catid=26:what-we-do&id=44:pqmd-principals-and-standards. Accessed on 9/5/13.
|WHO Guidelines for Medicine Donations (PDF)
Resource Type: Reference
This WHO resource provides a set of recommended guidelines for general medicine donation with specific areas focused on donations in emergency situations.
Source: World Health Organization. Available at: http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2011/9789241501989_eng.pdf. Accessed on 9/5/2013.
22.214.171.124 Approved products should be processed and packaged in the same manner as non-emergency shipments. 126.96.36.199 Approved shipments should be sent by the most expeditious means available.
|Resources – 6.2.1 Verification of Need|
|Disaster Emergency Needs Assessment: Disaster Preparedness Training Programme
Resource Type: Research Study
This resource, provided by the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies includes resources on disaster needs assessment, disaster needs assessment reporting, emergency response based on emergency assessments, and assessment tools including checklists, gap identification charts, and questionnaires.
Source: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. Disaster Emergency Needs Assessment: Disaster Preparedness Training Programme. Available at: http://www.parkdatabase.org/files/documents/2000_Disaster-Emergency-Needs-Assessment_Disaster-Preparedness-Training-Programme_IFRC.pdf. Accessed on: 9/17/13.
|WHO Technical Guidelines – Emergency Management Essentials
Report Type: Website
This resource contains links to helpful information on emergency situation needs assessment and effective response mobilization. Resources includes, myths and realities, natural disaster profiles, standards health kit descriptions, and several other
Source: World Health Organization, Humanitarian Health Action. Available at: http://www.who.int/hac/techguidance/ems/en/. Accessed on 9/17/13.
188.8.131.52 Approved products should be processed and packaged in the same manner as non-emergency shipments. 184.108.40.206 Approved shipments should be sent by the most expeditious means available.
|Resources – 6.3.1 Proper Medical Equipment Donation During a Disaster|
|Emergency Relief Items: Compendium of Basic Specifications Vol. 2
Resource Type: Report
This document was created by the World Health Organization in 1999. It outlines basic specifications on emergency relief items. It includes information on catheters, tubes, drains, dressings, injectable and medical supplies, linens, medical equipment, sterilization, surgical equipment, x-ray material, laboratory equipment, sutures and surgical needles, anesthesia, contraceptives, and selected essential drugs during a disaster.The World Health Organization. Emergency Relief items; Compendium of Basic Specifications 1999.
Source: The World Health Organization. Emergency Relief items; Compendium of Basic Specifications 1999. Available at: https://www.ungm.org/Publications/Documents/erc_vol2.pdf. Accessed on: 9/17/13.
|Medical Supplies Donated to Disaster Areas Often Unsuitable
Resource Type: Article
This article was published by World Watch Institute and discusses the problems with most medical equipment donations made during a disaster. This is an excellent resource for anyone wishing to learn more about why medical equipment should not be donated in disaster situations.
Source: World Watch Institute. Medical Supplies Donated to Disaster Areas Often Unsuitable. 2013. Available at: http://www.worldwatch.org/node/4593. Accessed on: 9/17/13.
|Medical Equipment Donations in Haiti: Flaws in the Donation Process
Resource Type: Research Paper
This research paper details the findings of a study conducted by Project HOPE after the 2010 earthquake in Haiti. The study found that only 28% of the donated medical equipment was working properly. The study also outlines the reasons why donated medical equipment is frequently unsuitable in post disaster settings.
Source: Dzwonczyk R, Riha C. Medical equipment donation in Haiti: flaws in the donation process. Rev Panam Salud Publica vol. 31 n.4 Washington Apr. 2012. Available at: http://www.scielosp.org/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1020-49892012000400012. Accessed on: 9/17/13.
220.127.116.11 MSROs should document requests for short dated pharmaceutical products including who is requesting the product, why it is requested, how it will be transported and used prior to the expiration date.
|Resources – 6.4.1 Pharmaceutical Logistics in Emergency Situations|
|PQMD Principles and Guidelines
Resource Type: Guidelines
This resource provides general guidelines for medical product donations, specifically pharmaceuticals. It includes details and guidelines on expeditious transportation
Source: Partnership for Quality Medical Donations. Available at: http://www.pqmd.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&catid=26:what-we-do&id=44:pqmd-principals-and-standards. Accessed on: 9/17/13.
|Mission Possible – Customs Clearance
Resource Type: Video
This resource provides an informative video on the customs clearance process and ways to safely expedite the process.
Source: Partnership for Quality Medical Donations. Available at: http://www.pqmd.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&catid=26:what-we-do&id=48:mission-possible#customs. Accessed on 9/17/13.