1. Governance

1.1  Governance – Similar Values

1.2  Governance – Anti-Discrimination

1.3  Governance – Bylaws and Board

1.4  Governance – Financial Accountability

1.5  Governance –  Good Donation Principles


1.1 Governance – Similar Values

Organizations should have similar ethos and values, a commitment to serve qualified recipients without discrimination, a commitment to sustainable programming whenever possible, integrity, excellence, and organizational transparency.
1.1.1 MSROs should have a written mission, vision, and/or values statement.

    1.1 Similar Values – Resources
    Partnerships: A Framework for Working Together Resource Type: Report This resource outlines a healthy collaborative partnership and the importance of shared value systems.
    Source: Administration for Children & Families – US Department of Health and Human Services, Available at: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/ocs/partnerships.pdf. Accessed on 9/17/13.
    CSR: why there’s a difference between shared values and shared value Resource Type: News Article This resources is an interesting look at the concept of “Shared Value” and how it differs from a corporation having shared values with its shareholders. This is a great resource for anyone wanting to learn more about shared value and how it can apply to their organization.
    Source: The Guardian. Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/blog/csr-difference-between-shared-values-shared-value. Accessed on 9/17/13.


    1.2 Governance – Anti-Discrimination

    Organizations are encouraged to have a strong commitment to honoring diversity in the workplace and should adopt an anti-discrimination policy that applies to directors, employees, and volunteers.
    1.2.1 MSROs should have a written anti-discrimination policy.

      Guidance: Organization’s policies, practices and procedures should reflect their anti-discrimination policy as it applies to the organization at all levels.   The MSRO should have a written anti-discrimination policy.
      1.2 Anti Discriminations – Resources
      Sample Anti Discrimination Policy – Department of Health and Human Services Resource Type: Website This website offers a sample anti-discrimination policy that an organization can use and customize.
      Citation: Department of Health and Human Services. Example of a Nondiscrimination Policy. Available at http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/civilrights/clearance/exampleofanondiscriminationpolicy.html. Last Accessed on: 8/12/13. 
      U.S. Federal Laws Prohibiting Job Discrimination Q & A Resource Type: Website This website is run by the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and provides common questions and answers regarding anti-discrimination laws.
      Source: U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. U.S. Federal laws Prohibiting Discrimination Questions and Answers. Available At: http://www.eeoc.gov/facts/qanda.html. Accessed on: 8/12/13. 
      Age Discrimination Laws for a Non-Profit Resource Type: Article This article outlines important details regarding age discrimination laws as they relate to non-profit organizations.
      Source: Houston Chronicle. Age Discrimination Laws for a Non-Profit. Eric Feigenbaum. Available at: http://smallbusiness.chron.com/age-discrimination-laws-nonprofit-4877.html. Accessed on: 8/12/13.


      1.3 Governance – Bylaws and Board

      Organizations shall be governed fairly, impartially, and responsibly by an independent board of directors.
      1.3.1 MSROs should have written bylaws.   1.3.2 MSROs should be governed by a board of directors.

      Guidance:  Organization bylaws should address Board of Directors responsibilities including, but not limited to, board member election, appointment, roles and responsibilities, term limits, hiring the executive director, and other board duties
      1.3 Governed by Independent Board of Directors – Resources
      Board Source Learning Center Resource Type: Website This website provides a vast array of resources relating to non-profit board governance. While the information provided here covers a broad range of categories, it is an excellent resource for anyone wishing to learn more about board structure and governance.
      Source: Board Source. Learning Center and Store. Available at: https://www.boardsource.org/eweb/dynamicpage.aspx?webcode=BDSOnlineStoreLanding. Accessed on: 8/13/13.
      How to Select Individuals to Serve on a Board Resource Type: Article This article was created by the Foundation Center and discusses how to select the correct people to serve on a Board of Directors. This is an excellent resource for anyone wishing to learn how to build a strong and effective board.
      Citation: The Foundation Center. Establishing an Nonprofit Organization: Select Individuals to Serve on the Board of Directors. Available at: http://foundationcenter.org/getstarted/tutorials/establish/board_dev.html. Accessed on: 8/13/13.


      1.4 Governance – Financial Accountability

        Organizations shall conduct their finances in a way that ensures the appropriate use of funds and accountability to donors.
        1.4.1 Organizations shall have an annual audited financial statement, conducted by an independent certified public accountant. 1.4.2 Organizations should be in compliance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). 1.4.3 Organizations audited financial statement should be available upon request.

        Guidance: Organizations should have written accounting policies and procedures.
        1.4 Financial Accountability and Appropriate Use of Funds – Resources
        Nonprofit Financial Management Resource Type: Website This resource is an excellent tool for nonprofit budget planning and financial literacy. It provides additional links to budget planning templates and financial education.
        Citation: National Council of Nonprofits. Financial Management. Available at: http://www.councilofnonprofits.org/resources/financial-management. Accessed on: 8/13/13.
        Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) for Non-Profits Resource Type: Website This resource provides general information regarding GAAP and FASB, which are financial laws and practices that apply to nonprofit financial practices.
        Citation: Nonprofit Accounting Basics. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. Available at: http://www.nonprofitaccountingbasics.org/accounting-bookkeeping/generally-accepted-accounting-principles. Accessed on: 8/13/13.


        1.5 Governance – Good Donation Principles

        Organizations should always respect the World Health Organization donation principles that form the basis of good medical equipment, consumables, and pharmaceutical donation practice.
          1.5.1 Donations Based on Expressed Need Donations of medical equipment, consumables, and pharmaceuticals should benefit the recipient to the maximum extent possible. All donations should be based on an expressed need. Unsolicited donations are discouraged.   1.5.2 Donations Conform to Local Needs and Policies Donations should be given with due respect for the wishes and authority of the recipient, and in conformity with the government policies and administrative arrangements of the recipient country.   1.5.3 Effective Coordination and Collaboration There should be effective coordination and collaboration between the donor and the recipient, with all donations made according to a plan formulated by both parties.   1.5.4 No Double Standard in Quality There should be no double standard in quality. If the quality of an item is unacceptable in the donor country, it is also unacceptable as a donation.

        Guidance: Donations should only be made after a thorough needs assessment has been completed to determine the appropriateness of the donation. The MSRO should work closely with the recipient throughout the assessment and donation process to ensure the needs of both parties are met.
        1.5 Core Principles of Good Donation Practices – Resources
        PQMD Principles and Standards Resources Type: Guidelines This resource provides general guidelines for medical product donations as they relate to needs assessment, quality and quantity, donation appropriateness, packaging, transportation, utilization of human resources, evaluation and valuation.
        Source: Partnership for Quality Medical Donations. Available at: http://www.pqmd.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&catid=26:what-we-do&id=44:pqmd-principals-and-standards. Accessed on 9/17/13.
        WHO Guidelines for Medicine Donations Resource Type: GuidelinesThese guidelines were created by the WHO in 2010. They address the proper procedures for making medical donations. This is an excellent resource for an organization wishing to comply with any of the Core Principles of Donation Practice.
        Source: The World Health Organization. 2010. Guidelines for Medicine Donations: Revised 2010. Available at: http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2011/9789241501989_eng.pdf. Accessed on: 9/20/13.
        Guidelines for Health Care Equipment Donations Resource Type: GuidelinesThese guidelines were created by the World Health Organization. They outline the proper procedures for making health care equipment donations.Any organization making or wishing to make donations of medical equipment should read these guidelines.
        Source: The World Health Organization. Available at: http://www.who.int/medical_devices/publications/en/Donation_Guidelines.pdfAccessed on: 9/20/13.